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Last Updated on May 10, 2024

I do my best to cultivate a minimalist and sustainable wardrobe I can wear for a long time. Two ways I do this is by creating a capsule wardrobe and being mindful of the fabrics I choose to wear.  

I try to opt for natural fibers whenever I can. Synthetic materials shed microplastics over time, aren’t as durable, and can’t be composted at the end of their life. Plus, I don’t really like how synthetic materials feel on my skin.

What Is Cupro Fabric? Is It Sustainable?

Synthetic and semi-synthetic materials are also often treated with harsh chemicals during the manufacturing process. 

One such material is cupro fabric. Have seen it before on your clothing tag? It’s not the most common fabric, but what exactly is cupro and is it eco-friendly? 

Cupro is a vegan alternative to silk. It’s a semi-synthetic fabric made from recycled cotton. But that doesn’t automatically make it sustainable. A lot of harsh chemicals are used in the formation of cupro.  

In fact, cupro is illegal to produce in the United States. This means most of Cupro is imported from other countries. There are specific reasons for this we will dive into below.  

If you’re considering buying an item made from cupro, here’s everything you need to know about the fabric, and if it’s sustainable.

What Is Cupro Fabric? Is It Sustainable?

is cupro natural or synthetic? 

Cupro is a semi-synthetic fabric that is made primarily from cotton waste from the cotton growing industry. Though cupro is derived from a natural source, it’s mixing with various chemicals during the manufacturing process make it hardly pass as a natural fiber.

The raw material of cupro is natural though: It’s called cotton linter which is a material obtained from the manufacturing process of cottonseed oil. Cotton linter is the short downy fiber enfolding cotton seeds.

While cotton linter itself is biodegradable and compostable, I wouldn’t recommend composting cupro fabric due to the harsh chemicals used in the manufacturing process. Composting it would release any toxins from production, dyeing, and washing into the ground which is not recommended.

Cupro is classified as biodegradable (which simply means it will break up over time). Technically, so will plastic, but that doesn’t make it sustainable.

RELATED: Biodegradable vs Compostable: What’s the Difference? 

Cupro is short for cuprammonium rayon. It got its name because the solution of copper and ammonia is used to make this particular type of rayon. Rayon was created as an alternative to silk and rose in popularity because of its lower price point. 

Rayon made using the cuprammonium process can be labeled cupra, cupro, or cupra rayon under the trade name Bemberg.

how is cupro made?  

1. First, they expose the cellulose of a plant product to a mixture of ammonium and copper.

2. Then these two elements are combined with the cellulose to make a new substance.

3. The mixture is then dropped into caustic soda and extruded through a spinneret.

4. The extruded strings are immersed into a series of hardening baths that reconstruct the cellulose and remove the ammonia, copper, and caustic soda.

What Is Cupro Fabric? Is It Sustainable?

is cupro a good fabric? 

Cupro is a good fabric in terms of working as a vegan and cruelty-free substitute for silk. It’s also generally less expensive than silk, with similar look and feel.

It’s smooth, light, texture works well for clothing that drapes across the body, like dresses and blouses.

However, in terms of the environment, cupro isn’t the most sustainable material out there – and we’ll discuss why.  

environmental impacts of cupro fabric production

Cupro is considered a recycled material. This is because it’s made from a byproduct of the cotton industry, cotton linters.

However, cotton is a crop that is known for using massive amounts of water and pesticides which can pollute ecosystems and waterways. Conventional cotton has been known to cause soil degradation. 

Even if cupro was sourced from organic cotton, which it often is not, it still uses a lot of hazardous chemicals during the manufacturing process, such as copper sulfate, ammonia and caustic soda.

According to the Council of Fashion Designers of America (CFDA), cupro is illegal to produce in the U.S. due to the manufacturers inability to comply with water and air protection regulations.

Also, chemicals used to make cupro can harm workers. According to CFDA, work accidents can occur from explosions or leaks in chemical storage areas associated with any form of rayon production.   

Cupro can now be made in a closed-loop system, but the only manufacturer to do this is Asahi Kasei in Japan under the trademark Bemberg. Their system ensures that the copper and ammonia used in manufacturing is recovered and reused.

While this is an improvement, it’s worth noting that most of cupro is still made and exported from China, where there is less transparency regarding the production process. There, the fabric is often referred to as ammonia silk.

Also, it’s worth noting that any form of rayon production (cupro, viscose, etc.) involves copious amounts of water waste, on top of being an energy intensive process.

Most factories that manufacture rayon (and cupro) are usually powered by fossil fuels, which release emissions that contribute to climate change. This is not limited to just rayon though, as many factories that generate synthetic materials are often powered by fossil fuels.

What Is Cupro Fabric? Is It Sustainable?

sustainable alternatives to cupro

If you’re looking for a more sustainable alternative to cupro, I recommend looking into TENCEL Lyocell and Modal from Lenzing AG. These are both imperfect alternatives, also both sourced from rayon, but they are more transparent with their production processes.

They are both vegan and cruelty-free and possess similar qualities to cupro.

When choosing a rayon-based material, it’s important to look for sustainably forested, low-chemical, closed-loop producers with certifications like FSC, EU Ecolabel, and OekoTex 100.

Here’s a bit more about both TENCEL Lyocell and Modal fabrics from Lenzing.

tencel lyocell 

  • Their fibers are produced in a closed loop process which recovers water and 99.8% of the solvent, which transforms wood pulp into cellulosic fibers with high resource efficiency and low environmental impact.  
  • Biodegradable and compostable, if it is not combined with any polyester, elastane or nylon fabrics/elements. 

tencel modal

  • A bio-based, semi-synthetic fabric made from spinning beech tree cellulose.  
  • Carbon-neutral, has a smaller water footprint, and requires less land per tonne than cotton fibers.  
  • Completely biodegradable and compostable under industrial, home, soil and marine conditions. 

Be aware that Lyocell and Modal made outside of Lenzing AG may not be as eco-conscious, because they don’t have to meet their rigorous standards. Modal and lyocell you see without the TENCEL™ certification is likely made in factories that aren’t being transparent about their practices both socially and environmentally.

Try to always buy from brands that have the TENCEL™ modal and lyocell certification, if you can. 

What do you think about this material? Will you be buying it or avoiding it? Let me know in the comments below! 

The post What Is Cupro Fabric? Is It Sustainable? appeared first on Going Zero Waste.

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Minimalist Clothing: Everything You Need to Know to Build a Mindful Wardrobe

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Last Updated on June 20, 2024

Confession time: I used to be a shopaholic. At one point I had over 200 dresses alone in my closet.

I had a lot of vintage clothing. That includes dresses from the 40s, 60s, and 70s. I could immediately jump into any decade or any personality I was feeling whether that was preppy, rocker, or boho. It was like dress up for me.

Minimalist Clothing: Everything You Need to Know

But, while I still love clothing, I’ve really learned to listen to the styles that make me feel the best. And that meant really analyzing my closet and donating pieces that just didn’t suit me anymore.

I’ve since switched to a more minimalist approach to fashion. Minimalist clothing is a style that emphasizes simplicity, functionality, and elegance.

Sticking to minimalist clothing is of course beneficial to the environment too. After all, there are enough clothes on the planet right now to dress the next six generations of humanity.

We don’t need more cheap clothing that rips after a few wears; we need more durable built-to-last pieces that become wardrobe staples we can rely on.

Thing is, there’s a difference between minimalist mindset versus minimalist aesthetic in terms of fashion. We’ll talk more about that later, but surmise it to say, you don’t need to wear all black and white to have minimalist clothing.

Minimalist clothing, for me, is about fine tuning your personal style. It’s going with pieces that match your body shape, skin tone, and make you happier overall.

Two ways to home in on this are to study up on color analysis and kibbe body types. You can take tests that will help you better understand which colors complement your skin tone best, and how to dress to best complement your body’s shape.

Here’s how to choose minimalist clothing and build a sustainable capsule wardrobe you will feel great in, without harming the planet.

Minimalist Clothing: Everything You Need to Know to Build a Mindful Wardrobe

what clothes should a minimalist have?

There’s no magic number of clothes a minimalist should have, or any set rules. There’s also no specific brands you need to own to have a “minimalist” wardrobe.

In the past, I’ve done an 18 piece wardrobe experiment. Yes, it’s exactly what it sounds like: I picked out 18 pieces of clothing to wear for the entire year.

I made it about 8 months before throwing in the towel. I just couldn’t handle it. At first, I loved it. By the third month, I was tired of it. By the sixth month, the clothes needed to be repaired.

This approach can be a bit extreme. I think it can be empowering to some, but not necessarily for everyone.

Instead of focusing on a specific number, I think it is a good idea to choose pieces that you truly love and know will be worn again and again.

Minimalist clothing doesn’t have to be boring or monotone. It just means choosing pieces that can be mixed and matched, have versatility, and will be reworn often. Even just playing with different textures can make all the difference!

Fine-tuning your style is a big part of curating a minimalist wardrobe. Here are some ways I’ve defined my personal style over the years.

color analysis

Getting a color analysis is a great way to assess which colors to keep in your closet. I went to see Donna Fujii and left with a swatch book of shades that look best for my coloring. It was such a fun experience that helped me narrow down the colors to blush pink, navy blue, baby blue and wine red.

It turns out my color palette is a true summer. These entail cool, muted colors, like soft grey-blues, grey-violet and blue-purple tones. 

Depending on your complexion, certain colors may clash or make you glow. I’d aim for 4-5 colors that flatter you for the sake of simplicity.

kibbe body type

Knowing your kibbe body type can also help you better define what clothing lines best suit your frame. There are 13 different kibbe body types and mine is considered Soft Classic.

The Soft Classic body type is defined by a blended balance between yin and yang, leaning slightly more towards yin. Therefore, it’s recommended my clothing lines should be clean, unbroken, and symmetrical, with waist emphasis. Aiming for smooth, soft, symmetrical silhouettes with slight shaping will compliment my body best.

I’m pear shaped which means that my hips are larger than my bust. I also have a small waist, so accentuating it with clothing is ideal. Shapeless clothing does nothing for me.

Minimalist Clothing: Everything You Need to Know to Build a Mindful Wardrobe

how to curate a minimalist wardrobe

step 1

Place all your clothes onto your bed and create 3 piles: Love, no and maybe.

The love pile: Clothes you absolutely adore and cannot part with
No pile: Clothes you definitely don’t want anymore, or just feel you’ve outgrown.
Maybe pile: Clothes you’re on the fence about.

step 2

Try on the clothes from your maybe pile to determine if you’ll keep them. Take a long hard look in the mirror, take photos, ask for opinions. Do whatever you have to do to decide if you truly love this piece or not.

Make sure to ask yourself if it came be hemmed or tailored first before getting rid of it. Sometimes, that’s all a piece needs to go from okay to awesome!

step 3

Whatever you don’t want anymore, responsibly get rid of through donating, selling, or gifting to your loved ones. Always check with loved ones first, as you will know exactly where your clothes are going. This increases the likelihood they’ll get re-worn!

A large portion of donated clothes typically aren’t suitable for someone else to wear because they are in poor condition. Those unwanted clothes can then become a problem if they get shipped overseas or worse, incinerated or landfilled.

It’s important to donate clothes to small, local thrift stores over big chains or random donation bins. Local churches and community clothing swaps and drives are also excellent places to donate used clothes in good condition.

RELATED: Textile Recycling Near Me: Where to Recycle Your Clothes

Minimalist Clothing: Everything You Need to Know to Build a Mindful Wardrobe

what does minimalist mean in clothing?

Minimalism in terms of clothing means not having a wardrobe jam packed with stuff you never even wear.

Feeling like you have nothing to wear, even though you have so many options to choose from, is the opposite of what a minimalist wardrobe is.

Instead, minimalist clothing should mean having a curated selection of clothing you keep coming back to. This can be an 18 piece wardrobe, or 100 pieces – as long as you are genuinely and frequently wearing every single piece and getting the most out of each one.

This doesn’t mean your wardrobe has to be bland or colorless either. Just that it has to be clothes you carefully assess, love wearing, and know you’ll rewear again.

For example, according to my color analysis session, one of my best colors is blue – so it makes sense to keep a good selection of blue clothes I adore in my wardrobe.

Observe which colors you find yourself reaching for the most, and which you avoid. This will help you better narrow down your wardrobe to pieces that better reflect your personal style, and flatter your skin tone.

Minimalist Clothing: Everything You Need to Know to Build a Mindful Wardrobe

how to style a minimalist outfit?

There are so many ways to style a minimalist outfit. Utilizing shoes, accessories like jewelry or bags, makeup, and hair can really elevate an outfit.

But before we get into that, it’s important we differentiate between minimalist the aesthetic and the mindset.

The aesthetic of minimalist clothing just refers to how your clothes look: Aka, no flashy designs, patterns or embellishments. It’s typically characterized by neutral colors, timeless silhouettes, and high-quality fabrics.

However, the mindset of minimalist clothing is about opposing trends and instead sticking to what’s recognizable. It’s dressing as a signature and fine-tuning your personal style. This mindset ensures there’s overall less clothes in your wardrobe and more quality pieces you love and use daily.

Having a minimalist mindset can truly help you refine your personal style and reduce overconsumption.

For instance, I wear my pearl earrings every day because when people see pearl earrings, I want them to think of me. Or a certain shade of blue I wear all the time, that people now associate that color with me. Having a signature scent or color – it’s so much more powerful than being trendy. It creates an instant sense of recognition.

To have a truly minimalist approach to clothing, you don’t need to dress in all black and white solid colors. You just need to have a curated selection of clothing you keep coming back to.

methods to help style clothes sustainably and mindfully:

  • Home in on which colors you gravitate towards, and which complement your skin tone.
  • What style of clothing makes you feel your best? Tailored and fitted clothes, or loose, drapey pieces? Discovering your body shape and kibbe body type can help you understand what style of clothes better suit you.
  • Do you enjoy textured, thick fabrics? Sheer and soft fabrics? Something in between?
  • Does gold or silver look better on you? What kind of jewelry do you gravitate toward most: Rings, necklaces, bracelets?
  • Do you have any pieces that can help you layer and build off a base outfit, like cardigans, jackets, leggings and tights?
  • Are you dressing for what you do? Sit down and write out what activities you normally participate in throughout the week so you can buy appropriate clothes for certain occasions. For example, 7x a week I’ll be working from home so my wardrobe primarily consists of jeans and sweaters.
  • Learn how to play up and play down an outfit. For example, starting with a white crew neck t-shirt as the base, you can play it causal with a pair of jeans, a jacket, sunglasses, and a necklace. Or, you can play it up by pairing it with a denim mini skirt, bold accessories/makeup, and voluminous hair.

what is a minimalist brand?

A minimalist brand focuses on crafting high quality, timeless pieces that will quickly become staples in your wardrobe. These brands make products designed to last and don’t typically use cheap materials that can easily break or tear like polyester.

A minimalist brand may also choose to stick to neutral colors and patterns that aren’t loud. But plenty of minimalist brands still use color in their clothes. What matters is if the pieces can be styled in various ways, and worn on a consistent basis for years to come.

Here are a few sustainable, minimalist clothing brands that value the mindset over the aesthetic.

pact

1. pact

  • Clothing basics, underwear + socks for both men, women, kids, + babies
  • Made from organic cotton which uses up to 95% less water than conventional cotton + no harsh chemicals
  • All of their clothing is sweatshop and child-labor-free

everlane

2. everlane

  • Women + men’s elevated basics, shoes + accessories
  • Each factory they use must score a 90+ when it comes to fair wages, reasonable hours, + environment
  • They use natural fabrics, have a no-new plastic pledge, and their drops have different initiatives like carbon-neutral sneakers, organic cotton tees, recycled materials + more

organic basics

3. organic basics

  • Women + men’s basics
  • Made from organic, recycled + plant-based materials
  • With every purchase they donate one percent of your order value to a charity of your choice
  • 1% For The Planet member

mate the label

4. mate the label

  • Women, men’s + kids clothing
  • Made from organic, GOTS certified materials
  • Eliminated all plastic in their labels + packaging
  • Woman-founded
  • Climate Neutral
  • B Corporation
  • Clothing recycling program

What’s your favorite way to curate a minimalist wardrobe? Let me know in the comments!

The post Minimalist Clothing: Everything You Need to Know to Build a Mindful Wardrobe appeared first on Going Zero Waste.

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Museum Exhibit Draws Parallels Between ‘Little Ice Age’ Resiliency and Modern Climate Crisis

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As modern humans find ways to adapt and build resiliency to anthropogenic climate change, one art exhibition is looking to the past to uncover how the 17th century Dutch acclimated themselves to extreme weather.

The Getty Center, a museum in Los Angeles, opened an exhibition on May 28 titled On Thin Ice: Dutch Depictions of Extreme Weather, which features Dutch artists’ works from the 1600s.

The Little Ice Age

The exhibition, on display through Sept. 1, explores the everyday resilience to the extreme weather during a time period nicknamed the “Little Ice Age.” According to the museum’s representatives, this time period consisted of particularly harsh winters as well as cooler-than-usual summers.

While it wasn’t a massive ice age on a global scale, the Little Ice Age lasted hundreds of years, from around 1300 to 1850 and affected much of the Northern Hemisphere, particularly Europe. This was caused in part by volcanic activity and changing wind patterns and ocean currents, and it led to long winters, with frequent and heavy snowfall.

While the Dutch struggled, facing extreme weather such as powerful storms and flooding, historians have uncovered more and more evidence that the Dutch in particular were able to build resilient communities that helped provide food to disadvantaged families, improve infrastructure, further scientific advancements and more, according to an essay in Aeon.

Building Resiliency

While the Industrial Revolution — and the emissions that skyrocketed since — didn’t begin until the 18th century, long after the artworks in the On Thin Ice exhibition were created, humans today can still relate to how people throughout history adapted to more natural bouts of climate change and extreme weather, the exhibition suggests.

A sense of community and innovation helped people of the past adapt to the extreme weather they were facing. In the Netherlands, this looked like adapting to frozen waterways that remained icy into spring with improved icebreaking tools and greasing ships and strengthening ship hulls to combat icy waters, as The Washington Post reported. If the ice couldn’t break down, communities would pivot and host ice fairs to attract visitors and generate income. During this time, the Dutch also invested in charities and established insurance policies to offer more protections against the many things that could go wrong in the face of extreme weather.

The Works on Display

The Getty Center exhibition includes around 40 drawings and paintings by Dutch artists, with a highlight on works by painter Hendrick Avercamp.

The entrance to the exhibition reads, in part, “In the seventeenth century the Dutch Republic experienced a period of political stability, economic prosperity, and great technological advancement. A complex system of levees, canals, and windmills protected the Netherlands from the encroaching sea and transformed marshland into highly fertile tracts of farmland.”

“Astute observers and critics of their time, artists underscored the fundamental uncertainty of climate conditions, and their works offer opportunities to reflect on our current environmental crises,” the exhibition introduction continues.

One painting by Avercamp, “Winter Landscape With Skaters,” was painted during one of the harshest winters of the time period. You can see moored boats partially frozen in a thick sheet of ice, and some people in the foreground standing near a large hold for ice fishing. Some people are walking together, some people are playing games on ice and others are hauling goods.

“Winter Landscape With Skaters” by Hendrick Avercamp. Rijksmuseum, Amsterdam / public domain

Another work from Avercamp, “A Winter Scene with Two Gentlemen Playing Colf,” shows people enjoying time outdoors, whether they’re just standing on ice talking to one another or sledding and skating. Two people at the foreground of the painting engage in a game of colf, a Dutch game with similarities to golf and hockey.

“A Winter Scene with Two Gentlemen Playing Colf” by Hendrick Avercamp. Getty Museum

Another work, “January” by Jan van de Velde, shows a community coming together for merriment, like skating on a frozen lake and walking in groups on an outdoor path, despite the cold temperatures.

“January” by Jan van de Velde. UCLA Grunwald Center for the Graphic Arts,
Hammer Museum, Rudolf L. Baumfeld Bequest

The Dutch were able to prosper economically during the Little Ice Age, in part by providing goods and supplies to other countries. We can get a glimpse of their work amid freezing temperatures in “Winter Landscape,” an artwork by Nicolaes Molenaer. In the piece, people are depicted moving goods across ice, which must be very thick and frozen to hold the weight of horse-drawn carriages moving supplies. People in the drawing are bundled in coats and hats.

“Winter Landscape” by Nicolaes Molenaer. National Museum in Warsaw / Wilanów Palace / public domain

In “A Winter Scene” by Hendrik Meyer, there are displays of harsh winter and hard work, yet comfort and warmth. Snow is piled up on a roof and the surrounding landscape, and workers are chopping and hauling wood and transporting people in carriages. People have flushed cheeks, and a mother and child stand in the doorway of a home with smoke blowing out of the snowy chimney.

“A Winter Scene” by Hendrik Meyer. Getty Museum

On the opposite site of “A Winter Scene,” the exhibition includes another work by Hendrik Meyer titled “A Summer Scene.” Here, people are tending to animals and agricultural work. According to the Getty Center, details like animals in the shade, dogs drinking water, and women in their bare feet may indicate hot weather. In the far distance, the viewer can spot windmills.

“A Summer Scene” by Hendrik Meyer. Getty Museum

These are just a handful of works on display in the exhibition, but they collectively show a range of families and strangers who are both working hard for the community and indulging in leisure time and recreation, despite facing extreme weather.

“During a period of extended cold in the 17th century, a number of remarkable Dutch artists created a genre of paintings and drawings that capture the icy landscapes and extreme living conditions of climate gone awry,” Timothy Potts, Maria Hummer-Tuttle and Robert Tuttle Director of the Getty Museum, said in a press release. “There are obvious resonances with the opposite extreme we face today in the rising temperatures across much of the globe.”

Looking to the Future

The old adage goes that history repeats itself, and while the current climate crisis often comes with unprecedented events, this art exhibition reveals some hope in how humans can work together to adapt to climate change.

During the Little Ice Age, the Dutch, as depicted in the artworks, became important purveyors of goods to other countries, dedicated themselves to hard work for community betterment, and even participated extensively in charitable acts, as explained by Anne McCants, a history professor at the Massachusetts Institute of Technology. They adapted so well that their advancements during the Little Ice Age led to the Dutch Golden Age.

Rather than be passive bystanders to the worst impacts of the climate crisis, humans today can and should collaborate to work on slowing climate change and undoing some of the damage we’ve done to the planet. Like the people of the past, we’ll need to work together and tap into innovation and ingenuity to overcome the struggles we face.

“Today’s global climate crisis is an ongoing issue affecting current and future generations, and often inspiring the work of contemporary artists. This exhibition offers a glimpse at how Dutch artists in 1600s presented such topics,” said Stephanie Schrader, curator of drawings at the Getty Museum. “Not only will it give visitors a better understanding of the past, but it will also provide an example of how adaptation is our only hope for the future.”

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Heat at Paris Olympic Games Could Put Athletes at Risk, New Report Warns

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The Olympics in Paris this summer could be the hottest on record, according to a new report: Rings of Fire: Heat Risks at the 2024 Paris Olympics. Leading athletes warn the heat could result in athletes collapsing or even dying while participating in events.

Mike Tipton, a human and applied physiology professor at the United Kingdom’s University of Portsmouth, and Dr. Jo Corbett, deputy associate dean for research and innovation in the university’s science and health department, worked with former Olympians and climate scientists to put together the report.

“A warming planet will present an additional challenge to athletes, which can adversely impact on their performance and diminish the sporting spectacle of the Olympic Games. Hotter conditions also increase the potential for heat illness amongst all individuals exposed to high thermal stress, including officials and spectators, as well as athletes,” Corbett said in a press release from University of Portsmouth.

According to the European Union’s Copernicus Climate Change Service, the past 12 months were the hottest on record. As human-driven climate change has led to an entire year of record-breaking monthly temperatures across the globe, athletes in the Games could face serious health risks.

The Olympic Games, which begin on July 26, are scheduled during the hottest two months of the year in Paris.

“For athletes, from smaller performance-impacting issues like sleep disruption and last-minute changes to event timings, to exacerbated health impacts and heat related stress and injury, the consequences can be varied and wide-ranging. With global temperatures continuing to rise, climate change should increasingly be viewed as an existential threat to sport,” said Lord Sebastian Coe, four-time Olympic medallist and president of World Athletics, in the press release.

The authors of the study discuss France’s deadly 2003 heat wave, during which more than 14,000 people perished. They also consider other periods where the country’s mercury soared above 107.6 degrees Fahrenheit.

Paris last hosted the Olympic Games 100 years ago, when the planet’s temperatures were significantly cooler.

Grandstands for the upcoming Summer Olympics are located on the Champ-de-Mars behind the Eiffel Tower, pictured on May 6, 2024 in Paris, France. Robert Michael / picture alliance via Getty Images

“It is a time of great uncertainty and instability. And one of the gravest of those challenges comes from ever-increasing temperatures,” Coe wrote in the report. “There has never been a greater need for heightened awareness, discussion and research into what is happening on the planet and why. Sport is just one part of that, but we cannot be spectators, we must all play a role. We are in a race against time. And this is one race that we simply cannot afford to lose.”

With temperatures above 93.2 degrees Fahrenheit and 70 percent humidity, the 2020 Olympic Games in Tokyo were the “hottest in history,” but the Paris Olympics could be even hotter, the press release said.

“At [the Tokyo Olympics] I felt like the heat was bordering on true risk – the type of risk that could potentially be fatal. One of the best tennis players in the world [Medvedev] said he thought someone might die in Tokyo, and I don’t feel like that was much of an exaggeration… We sometimes have to play in conditions where an egg can literally be fried on the court. This is not fun or healthy. Heatstroke is relatively common in tennis,” said Marcus Daniell, tennis player and Olympic bronze medallist from New Zealand, in the press release.

The report recommends five strategies for sporting authorities to help athletes dealing with extreme heat conditions: scheduling wisely to avoid extreme temperatures; empowering athletes to discuss climate change; fostering collaboration between athletes and sporting bodies regarding climate awareness campaigns; keeping athletes and spectators safe by providing cooling plans and better rehydration; and reassessing the sponsorship of fossil fuels in sports.

“It is not in an athlete’s DNA to stop and if the conditions are too dangerous I do think there is a risk of fatalities,” said Jamie Farndale, a Scottish national rugby sevens player, in the press release.

The report emphasizes the necessity of listening to athletes and prioritizing their safety as the climate crisis continues to heat up.

“Challenges are mounting for athletes regarding air pollution, food and water insecurity and lack of shade. And, as this report makes especially clear, the challenges of climate-change induced extreme heat for athletes are extensive and pose risks of devastating outcomes,” said General Jackson Tuwei, president of Athletics Kenya, in the press release.

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